Zinc Oxide Dressing Offers Improved Post-OP Healing Compared to Standard Wound Care
Injuries to the skin on the legs presents a challenge for healing. Sutured wounds on the legs can result in complications such as delayed healing, wound rupture, hematoma, and infections.
A recent study compared the use of zinc oxide compression bandages to standard gauze and tape dressings for postoperative care. The study examined length of time for complete wound healing, defined by total epithelialization of the wound, and the study also reported any complications that occurred with each group. Wounds that took longer than 18 days to resolve were considered to have delayed healing.
The results showed that at 19 days, over 90% of the zinc oxide group were fully healed compared to 69% of the standard dressing patients. Complications such as infection, wound dehiscence, postoperative bleeding, pain, and excessive swelling were seen in 6 of the 38 patients receiving standard dressing (13.6%); no complications occurred in the 36 patients that comprised the zinc oxide bandage group. The authors note that results are based on the findings of a single dermatologic surgeon and patient factors such as tobacco use, antiplatelet or anticoagulant use, other potential medical comorbidities, and wound strength were not assessed as part of this study.
The authors conclude that despite the limitations of the study, use of a zinc oxide compression bandage in the postoperative period is associated with fewer delays in wound healing and fewer complications versus standard wound care.
Byline: Martha L. Sikes, MS, RPh, PA-C
Posted: July 31, 2017
Source: Dermatologic Surgery
Adapted from the original article.