Do Childhood and Adolescent Melanomas Share Similar Features?
Because childhood and adolescent melanomas are rare, adult-based protocols are often used for treatment. It has been hypothesized that using such protocols may result in unnecessary morbidity because childhood melanomas may follow a less aggressive disease course. Previous research has shown that childhood melanomas present with thicker tumors and sentinel lymph node metastasis.
Researchers have proposed that pediatric melanoma in very young children may be a distinct biologic entity. Clinical outcomes are comparable for adults and young children but outcomes are more favorable for young children than adolescents. A recent study sought to compare clinical features of childhood (under age 11) and adolescent melanomas to further our understanding of the differences between the melanoma in these age groups.
Researchers performed a retrospective analysis of clinical, histopathologic, and outcome characteristics of childhood and adolescent melanoma in a cohort of 32 children and adolescents that received a melanoma diagnosis over a 20 year period. The results showed that the spitzoid melanoma subtype was significantly more common in children than adolescents. This supports the hypothesis that melanoma in young children may be biologically distinct. In addition, survival was significantly different between the two groups; adolescents had a higher mortality rate in the cohort. Melanoma in early childhood was associated with more aggressive histopathologic and staging features but with better outcomes than those of older adolescents and adults.
The authors state that there are two important conclusions that can be drawn from this study: spitzoid melanomas appear to be more common in children, and melanoma may follow a more aggressive course in adolescents.
Byline: Martha L. Sikes, MS, RPh, PA-C
Posted: June 13, 2018
Source: Wiley Online Library
Adapted from the original article.
[Image: Evgeniy Kalinovskiy / Shutterstock.com]