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Diaper Rash: Tips for Parents

Diaper dermatitis (DD), a severe diaper rash, is certainly common among babies. However, there is scant published research describing the demographic and clinical features of babies that present with this condition. A recent study, conducted in Turkey and published in Pediatric Dermatology, sought to add to the research in this area. The study included 63 babies with DD aged 0 to 6 months. Authors retrospectively examined medical records to determine demographic and clinical features including:

  • frequency of feeding and defecation,
  • number of daily diaper changes,
  • number of infections annually,
  • type of feeding,
  • diaper cream and brand of diaper,
  • diaper area cleansing method,
  • maternal level of education, and
  • presence of secondary Candida infection.

The results gave some guidance on how to best clean up after babies. While most mothers in the study preferred wet wipes, the authors concluded that Candida infection was more common in infants cleansed with wet wipes. Previous studies showed that barrier creams with zinc oxide or petrolatum could be effective treatments, however, in this study barrier cream use did not have any effect on the frequency or severity of DD episodes. Finally, the authors state that exclusive breastfeeding plays a role in the prevention of DD, so mothers should be encouraged to breastfeed their babies.

 

Byline: Martha L. Sikes, MS, RPh, PA-C

Posted: May 30, 2016

Source: Wiley Online Library / Pediatric Dermatology

[Image: Pixabay / Lavaki]




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