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Calming Younger Patients with Pre-Cryotherapy Treatment

A recent study observed the calming effects of showing a children’s program to preschool children before they undergo cryotherapy for cutaneous viral warts. 

 

The non-blinded study observed 36 patients aged 2 to 6 years who underwent cryotherapy for cutaneous viral warts. Using the modified Yale Preoperative Anxiety Scale, researchers’ main outcome measure was the mean score difference between children who viewed the program ten weeks before their procedure and children who viewed the program ten weeks after their procedure. 

 

Researchers observed 36 patients for a total of 99 cryotherapy sessions. Of the 36 preschool children observed, 13 watched the children’s program before their treatment, 15 watched the program after their treatment, and 7 watched the program both before and after their treatment.  

 

In the group of 15, 100% of the children had a high anxiety score (greater than 30) when they underwent their procedure before viewing the program, with a mean score of 58.4.

 

Only 5 in the group of 13 children had a high anxiety score when they underwent their procedure after viewing the program, with a mean score of 37.7. 

 

In the group of children who received the procedure before and after watching the program,  6 out of 7 experienced high anxiety levels before their procedure, with a mean score of 53.7 , and only 3 of 7 experienced high levels of anxiety after watching the program, with a mean score of 42. 

 

The study found that showing preschool children a video program before they underwent cryotherapy significantly reduces preprocedural anxiety levels. Additionally, the time spent coaxing and treating children in both groups decreased after the intervention, but the differences were not statistically significant. 

 

Source: Arch Dermatol. 2012;148(9):1001-1004

 

[Image by Woodleywonderworks]




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